RESEARCH PROPOSAL is Research Endeavor
Is a cycle
Starts with a problem and ends with a solution to the problem.
Research proposal is the thrust of your research endeavor. its your wish, plan, roadmap and tactic
Ideally a research proposal needs to feature in this structure
Background of the study
Research Problem/ Problem Statement
Significance of the study
Scope of the study
Sample and data collection procedures
Definition of variables/ or key terms
For a sample the area need to be specify. Because there are as many proposals as there are researchers and those wishing to conduct a research.