• The 119th edition of the seminar “How to design and defend your PhD” toke place at University of Porto, Faculty of Fine Arts, for students of sculpture, painting and design, among others. The main message of the seminar was that scientific research aims at knowledge creation in the form of scientific publications. In addition to knowledge and publications, scientific research may produce other types of research and outputs such a piece of art. In case both types of research co-exist in your doctoral project, it is advisable to adopt action research.