Eco Driving

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The majority of cars today are front wheel drive (fwd). This is because they are both mechanically simpler to design and the handling is regarded as more benign, in the event the driver enters a slideIn essence, there are 3 ways a driver can skid the brakes, whilst hastening, under braking or during cornering and the recovery from each does differ.

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Skidding a front wheel drive car under acceleration If the road surface is slippery, because of ice or rain, or you have applied excessive stringing, then the brakes in the front are extremely likely to slide. In high powered fwd cars this can also result in the steering wheel tugging in either direction making the automobile hard to hold constant at a straight line, and this is known as torque steer.
To prevent the wheels from spinning in this scenario you want to gently lift off the throttle, the brakes will regain grip and forward drive is revived. This kind of slide is normally avoidable and can be expected if for exampleyou’re pulling from an uphill junction and the street is wet or if there’s snow on the roadHowever, if you are on ice and the degree of traction is quite low it would be better to attempt to pull away in second gear by slipping the clutch marginally. This should lessen the torque through the front wheels and provide you better grip.
Skidding a front wheel drive beneath braking If you lock the wheels up under heavy braking then your ability to maneuver will be lost and, even if this happens on ice or slippery streets, so is your ability to slow down. To come from this slide gently release the brake pedal until the skid stops and the wheels start turning again then reapply the brakes with less force.

Normally there will be no demand for the process above as most modern street cars are fitted with antilock braking systems known as ABS, which will execute the same procedure hundreds of times a second, so that you are able to maintain steering control whilst under heavy braking. This is generally felt as a judder through the brake pedal accompanied by a loud graunching noise. Whilst ABS is a significant security aid it can not work miracles and it will still take longer to stop on a wet road than on a sterile one.
Skidding a front wheel drive car whilst cornering, causing understeer When cornering a fwd car, the front tyres need to deal both with supplying the power and applying a turning pressureIf you enter a corner too fast, the front wheels will eliminate grip and begin to skid, this problem is more likely to occur at night, in which the light from your auto headlight bulbs might not show up the trimming radius curve of a bend.

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Often when an inexperienced driver believes their automobile begin to understeer they will panic and try to solve the issue by flying harshly. This will only worsens the understeer, making you more inclined to plough into the path of an oncoming vehicle or straight off the road and into a hedge. You have to avoid this temptation to brake aggressively and instead if you start to feel the car understeer gently lift off the throttle, grip will reunite and the steering will take effect again.
It’s quite rare for a road driver to undergo this kind of slip, as oversteer will generally only happen at very large cornering speeds, once the driver has aggressively lifted off the throttle mid way through the corner. When a car is oversteering the back wheels slide out towards the surface of the flipwhich is counteracted in a front wheel drive car by pressing down hard to the throttle that can pull the vehicle from the slide.

Braking would put more weight over the front wheels of the vehicle, causing the rear wheels to slide more, the oversteer will worsen and it’s quite likely you will spin off the road and into the nearest hedge backwards.




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